Atrocity Paradigm by Claudia Card
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Atrocity Paradigm
By Claudia Card

The Atrocity Paradigm

A Theory of Evil

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Format: Paperback

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Atrocity Paradigm by Claudia Card

Book Description

What distinguishes evils from ordinary wrongs? Is hatred a necessarily evil? Are some evils unforgivable? Are there evils we should tolerate? What can make evils hard to recognize? Are evils inevitable? How can we best respond to and live with evils? Claudia Card offers a secular theory of evil that responds to these questions and more. Evils, according to her theory, have two fundamental components. One component is reasonably foreseeable intolerable harm - harm that makes a life indecent and impossible or that makes a death indecent. The other component is culpable wrongdoing. Atrocities, such as genocides, slavery, war rape, torture, and severe child abuse, are Card's paradigms because in them these key elements are writ large. Atrocities deserve more attention than secular philosophers have so far paid them. They are distinguished from ordinary wrongs not by the psychological states of evildoers but by the seriousness of the harm that is done. Evildoers need not be sadistic: they may simply be negligent or unscrupulous in pursuing their goals. Card's theory represents a compromise between classic utilitarian and stoic alternatives (including Kant's theory of radical evil). Utilitarians tend to reduce evils to their harms; Stoics tend to reduce evils to the wickedness of perpetrators: Card accepts neither reduction. She also responds to Nietzsche's challenges about the worth of the concept of evil, and she uses her theory to argue that evils are more important than merely unjust inequalities. She applies the theory in explorations of war rape and violence against intimates. She also takes up what Primo Levi called "the gray zone", where victims become complicit in perpetrating on others evils that threaten to engulf themselves. While most past accounts of evil have focused on perpetrators, Card begins instead from the position of the victims, but then considers more generally how to respond to - and live with - evils, as victims, as perpetrators, and as those who have become both.

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Book Details

ISBN: 9780195181265
ISBN-10: 0195181263
Format: Paperback
(228mm x 150mm x 18mm)
Pages: 300
Imprint: Oxford University Press Inc
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Publish Date: 10-Feb-2005
Country of Publication: United States

Other Editions...

Books By Author Claudia Card

Beyond Just War by Claudia Card Beyond Just War, Hardback (August 2012)

Unlike most books on the ethics of war, this book rejects the 'just war' tradition, proposing a virtue ethics of war to take its place. Like torture, war cannot be justified. It answers the question: 'If war is a very great evil, would a leader with courage, justice, compassion, and all the other moral virtues ever choose to fight a war?'

Confronting Evils by Claudia Card Confronting Evils, Paperback (July 2010)

This philosophical study of collectively perpetrated and suffered atrocities examines the tension between responding to evils and preserving humanitarian values.

Genocide by Claudia Card Genocide, Paperback (February 2007)

This landmark collection addresses the hard moral dilemmas that have arisen in the wake of genocide and crimes against humanity during the 20th century, and re-examines the national policy of slavery and the forcible removal of native Americans from their lands in light of what we now identify as genocide.

Cambridge Companion to Simone de Beauvoir by Claudia Card Cambridge Companion to Simone de Beauvoir, Hardback (March 2003)

A convenient and accessible guide to Simone de Beauvoir, published in 2003.

» View all books by Claudia Card


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Author Biography - Claudia Card

Claudia Card is Emma Goldman Professor of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin, with teaching affiliations in Women's Studies, the Center for Jewish Studies, and the Institute for Environmental Studies. She has also taught at Dartmouth College, the University of Pittsburgh, and the Goethe University in Frankfurt. Known for her work in ethics and feminist philosophy, she is the author of the The Unnatural Lottery: Character and Moral Luck and Lesbian Choices. She has also edited several anthologies, including On Feminist Ethics and Politics, Feminist Ethics, and Adventures in Lesbian Philosophy.

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Recent books by Claudia Card close
Beyond Just War by Claudia Card
Confronting Evils by Claudia Card
Confronting Evils by Claudia Card
Genocide by Claudia Card
Cambridge Companion to Simone de Beauvoir by Claudia Card
Cambridge Companion to Simone de Beauvoir by Claudia Card
Atrocity Paradigm by Claudia Card
Lesbian Choices by Claudia Card
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