Creating the National Pastime by G. Edward White
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Creating the National Pastime
By G. Edward White

Creating the National Pastime

Baseball Transforms Itself, 1903-1953 New edition

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Format: Paperback

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Creating the National Pastime by G. Edward White

Book Description

At a time when many baseball fans wish for the game to return to a purer past, G. Edward White shows how seemingly irrational business decisions, inspired in part by the self-interest of the owners but also by their nostalgia for the game, transformed baseball into the national pastime. Not simply a professional sport, baseball has been treated as a focus of childhood rituals and an emblem of American individuality and fair play throughout much of the twentieth century. It started out, however, as a marginal urban sport associated with drinking and gambling. White describes its progression to an almost mythic status as an idyllic game, popular among people of all ages and classes. He then recounts the owner's efforts, often supported by the legal system, to preserve this image. Baseball grew up in the midst of urban industrialization during the Progressive Era, and the emerging steel and concrete baseball parks encapsulated feelings of neighborliness and associations with the rural leisure of bygone times. According to White, these nostalgic themes, together with personal financial concerns, guided owners toward practices that in retrospect appear unfair to players and detrimental to the progress of the game. Reserve clauses, blacklisting, and limiting franchise territories, for example, were meant to keep a consistent roster of players on a team, build fan loyalty, and maintain the game's local flavor. These practices also violated anti-trust laws and significantly restricted the economic power of the players. Owners vigorously fought against innovations, ranging from the night games and radio broadcasts to the inclusion of African-American players. Nonetheless, the image of baseball as a spirited civic endeavor persisted, even in the face of outright corruption, as witnessed in the courts' leniency toward the participants in the Black Sox scandal of 1919. White's story of baseball is intertwined with changes in technology and business in America and with changing attitudes toward race and ethnicity. The time is fast approaching, he concludes, when we must consider whether baseball is still regarded as the national pastime and whether protecting its image is worth the effort.

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Book Details

ISBN: 9780691058856
ISBN-10: 0691058857
Format: Paperback
(229mm x 152mm x 21mm)
Pages: 384
Imprint: Princeton University Press
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publish Date: 2-Feb-1998
Country of Publication: United States

Other Editions...


Books By Author G. Edward White

Law in American History by G. Edward White Law in American History, Hardback (April 2016)

G. Edward White presents Law in American History, a two-volume, comprehensive narrative history of American law from the colonial period to the present.

American Legal History: A Very Short Introduction by G. Edward White American Legal History: A Very Short Introduction, Paperback (November 2013)

This Very Short Introduction demonstrates the pivotal role of law in American life. Chapters focus on the legal history of Indian tribes, slavery, property rights, the relationship of law to entrepreneurial activity, crimes and punishments, domestic relations, civil injuries and tort law, as well as legal education and the legal profession.

History of the Supreme Court of the United States: Volume 3-4, The Marshall Court and Cultural Change, 1815-35 by G. Edward White History of the Supreme Court of the United States: Volume 3-4, The Marshall Court and Cultural Change, 1815-35, Hardback (November 2009)

The Marshall Court and Cultural Change, 1815-1835 comprises the third and fourth volumes of the Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise History of the Supreme Court of the United States, tracing the last two decades of John Marshall's term as Chief Justice.

Common Law by G. Edward White Common Law, Paperback (April 2009)

Much more than an historical examination of liability, criminal law, torts, bail, possession and ownership, and contracts, "The Common Law" articulates the ideas and judicial theory of one of the greatest justices of the Supreme Court. This book reminds us why the book remains essential reading for law students.

» View all books by G. Edward White

Reviews

US Kirkus Review » An astute examination of how baseball emerged as the national pastime by fostering a pastoral mythology that remained unchallenged until the early 1950s. White (Law and History/Univ.. of Virginia; Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, 1993) argues that "baseball's past history was far more complex, and far less heroic, than romanticized treatments of the game might suggest." Hardly news, but as he so meticulously demonstrates, while baseball promoted its "anachronistic dimensions" as a rural, fresh-air sport played by apple-checked youths, it was able to do so, in part, by violating anti-trust laws, by implementing such unfair labor practices as the reserve clause, and by restricting its talent pool according to race. The struggle to maintain the myth began to fail in the postwar era. Owners followed the demographic shift westward, thus dashing nostalgic hometown ties for fans of teams like the Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants. At about the same time, the weakening of the reserve clause, the "new labor relations atmosphere," and the integration of the game forced baseball to surrender the "special qualities" that had allowed it to appear untouched by time. The author's delineation of the business aspects of the game are a bit dry and too involved, but things liven up when he looks at the gambling and cheating that were a part of the game early in the century, and when he examines the growth and economic importance of night baseball and of radio and TV broadcasts. He also surveys the great baseball writers, such as Paul Galileo and Damon Runyan, and the famed announcers, including Bob Prince and Jimmy Dudley. He has some fresh insights into the game's tentative acceptance of ethnic ballplayers such as Joe DiMaggio and Hank Grcenbcrg. Baseball cognoscenti will find plenty to chew on here. (Kirkus Reviews)


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Author Biography - G. Edward White

G. Edward White is University Professor and John B. Minor Professor of Law and History at the University of Virginia. His books include "The Marshall Court and Cultural Change, 1815-1835" and "Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes: Law and the Inner Self."

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Law in American History by G. Edward White
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