Strategic Culture and Grand Strategy in Chinese History
By (author) Alastair Iain Johnston
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Cultural Realism by Alastair Iain Johnston
Book DescriptionCultural Realism is an in-depth study of premodern Chinese strategic thought that has important implications for contemporary international relations theory. In applying a Western theoretical debate to China, Iain Johnston advances rigorous procedures for testing for the existence and influence of "strategic culture." Johnston sets out to answer two empirical questions. Is there a substantively consistent and temporally persistent Chinese strategic culture? If so, to what extent has it influenced China's approaches to security? The focus of his study is the Ming dynasty's grand strategy against the Mongols (1368-1644). First Johnston examines ancient military texts as sources of Chinese strategic culture, using cognitive mapping, symbolic analysis and congruence tests to determine whether there is a consistent grand strategic preference ranking across texts that constitutes a single strategic culture. Then he applies similar techniques to determine the effect of the strategic culture on the strategic preferences of the Ming decision makers. Finally, he assesses the effect of these preferences on Ming policies towards the Mongol "threat." The findings of this book challenge dominant interpretations of traditional Chinese strategic thought. They suggest also that the roots of realpolitik are ideational and not predominantly structural. The results lead to the surprising conclusion that there may be, in fact, fewer cross-national differences in strategic culture than proponents of the "strategic culture" approach think.
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Book DetailsISBN: 9780691002392
(229mm x 152mm x 20mm)
Imprint: Princeton University Press
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publish Date: 27-Jul-1998
Country of Publication: United States
Books By Author Alastair Iain Johnston
Measuring Identity, Paperback (April 2009)
This book represents a collection of empirically-grounded theoretical discussions of a range of methodological techniques for the study of identities.
Social States, Paperback (December 2007)
Tests the effects of socialization in international relations-to help explain why players on the world stage may be moved to cooperate when doing so is not in their material power interests. This book looks at China's participation in international security institutions during two crucial decades of the "rise of China," from 1980 to 2000.
Crafting Cooperation, Paperback (November 2007)
This book compares the design and effectiveness of regional international institutions.
Engaging China, Paperback (August 1999)» View all books by Alastair Iain Johnston
In an interesting mix of the empirical and theoretical, case studies from the US, Japan, Singapore, Taiwan, Korea, Malaysia and Indonesia illustrate China's developing position in the Asia-Pacific.
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