The Demands of Consequentialism
By (author) Tim Mulgan
Demands of Consequentialism by Tim Mulgan
Book DescriptionAccording to consequentialism, we should always put our resources where they will do the most good. A small contribution to a reputable aid agency can save a child from a crippling illness. We should thus devote all our energies to charity work, as well as all our money, till we reach the point where our own basic needs, or ability to keep earning money, are in jeopardy. Such conclusions strike many people as absurd. Consequentialism seems unreasonably demanding, as it leaves the agent no room for her own projects or interests. Tim Mulgan examines consequentialist responses to this objection. A variety of previous consequentialist solutions are considered and found wanting, including rule consequentialism, the extremism of Shelly Kagan and Peter Singer, Michael Slote's satisficing consequentialism, and Samuel Scheffler's hybrid moral theory. The Demands of Consequentialism develops a new consequentialist theory, designed to be intuitively appealing, theoretically sound, and only moderately demanding. Moral choices are first divided into distinct realms, primarily on the basis of their impact on the well-being of others. Each realm has its own characteristic features, and different moral realms are governed by different moral principles. The resulting theory incorporates elements of act consequentialism, rule consequentialism, and Scheffler's hybid theory. This original and highly readable account of the limits of consequentialism will be useful to anyone interested in understanding morality.
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Book DetailsISBN: 9780198250937
(242mm x 163mm x 22mm)
Imprint: Clarendon Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publish Date: 13-Sep-2001
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Books By Author Tim Mulgan
Purpose in the Universe, Hardback (November 2015)
Two familiar worldviews dominate Western philosophy: materialist atheism and the benevolent God of the Abrahamic faiths. Tim Mulgan defends a third way. Ananthropocentric Purposivism claims that there is a cosmic purpose, but human beings are irrelevant to it. He argues that non-human-centred cosmic purpose can ground a distinctive human morality.
Ethics for a Broken World, Paperback (October 2011)
Imagine living in the future in a world already damaged by humankind, a world where resources are insufficient to meet everyone's basic needs. This title imagines how the future might judge us and how living in a time of global environmental degradation might reshape the politics and ethics of the future.
Future People, Paperback (November 2008)
Tim Mulgan develops an original theory of our obligations to future generations, based on a new rule-consequentialist account of the morality of individual reproduction. He brings together several different contemporary philosophical issues, including the demands of morality and international justice.
Demands of Consequentialism, Paperback (October 2005)» View all books by Tim Mulgan
Presents an examination of consequentialism, the theory that human behavior must be judged in terms of the goodness or badness of its consequences. The problem with consequentialism is that it seems unreasonably demanding, as leaving the agent no room for our own aims and interests. This book offers the author's own version of consequentialism.
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