Dominance without Hegemony by Ranajit Guha
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Dominance without Hegemony
By Ranajit Guha

Dominance without Hegemony

History and Power in Colonial India

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Format: Paperback

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Dominance without Hegemony by Ranajit Guha

Book Description

What is colonialism and what is a colonial state? Ranajit Guha points out that the colonial state in South Asia was fundamentally different from the metropolitan bourgeois state which sired it. The metropolitan state was hegemonic in character, and its claim to dominance was based on a power relation in which persuasion outweighed coercion. Conversely, the colonial state was non-hegemonic, and in its structure of dominance coercion was paramount. Indeed, the originality of the South Asian colonial state lay precisely in this difference: a historical paradox, it was an autocracy set up and sustained in the East by the foremost democracy of the Western world. It was not possible for that non-hegemonic state to assimilate the civil society of the colonized to itself. Thus the colonial state, as Guha defines it in this work, was a paradox,a dominance without hegemony. Dominance without hegemony had a nationalist aspect as well. This arose from a structural split between the elite and subaltern domains of politics, and the consequent failure of the Indian bourgeoisie to integrate vast areas of the life and consciousness of the people into an alternative hegemony. That predicament is discussed in terms of the nationalist project of anticipating power by mobilizing the masses and producing an alternative historiography. In both endeavours the elite claimed to speak for the people constituted as a nation and sought to challenge the pretensions of an alien regime to represent the colonized. A rivalry between an aspirant to power and its incumbent, this was in essence a contest for hegemony.

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Book Details

ISBN: 9780674214835
ISBN-10: 0674214838
Format: Paperback
(235mm x 162mm x 16mm)
Pages: 268
Imprint: Harvard University Press
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publish Date: 2-Feb-1998
Country of Publication: United States

Other Editions...

Books By Author Ranajit Guha

History at the Limit of World-History by Ranajit Guha History at the Limit of World-History, Paperback (August 2003)

The past is not just, as has been famously said, another country with foreign customs: it is a contested and colonized terrain. This title offers a critique of such historiography by taking issue with the Hegelian concept of World-history.

Selected Subaltern Studies by Ranajit Guha Selected Subaltern Studies, Paperback (October 1989)

The aim of these 10 essays is to promote a systematic and informed discussion of subaltern themes in the field of South Asian studies, and thus help to rectify the elitist bias characteristic of much research and academic work in this particular area.

» View all books by Ranajit Guha


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Author Biography - Ranajit Guha

Ranajit Guha held various research and teaching positions in India, England, the United States, and Australia before his retirement in 1988. He is the founding editor of Subaltern Studies and the author of A Rule of Property for Bengal and Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India.

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Recent books by Ranajit Guha close
History at the Limit of World-History by Ranajit Guha
Selected Subaltern Studies by Ranajit Guha
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