Islamic Political Identity in Turkey
By (author) M. Hakan Yavuz
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Islamic Political Identity in Turkey by M. Hakan Yavuz
Book DescriptionIn November of 2002, the Justice and Development Party swept to victory in the Turkish parliamentary elections. Because of the party's Islamic roots, its electoral triumph has sparked a host of questions both in Turkey and in the West: Does the party harbor a secret Islamist agenda? Will the new government seek to overturn nearly a century of secularization stemming from Kemal Ataturk's early-twentieth-century reforms? Most fundamentally, is Islam compatible with democracy? In this penetrating work, M. Hakan Yavuz seeks to answer these questions, and to provide a comprehensive analysis of Islamic political identity in Turkey. He begins in the early twentieth century, when Kemal Ataturk led Turkey through a process of rapid secularization and crushed Islamic opposition to his authoritarian rule. Yavuz argues that, since Ataturk's death in 1938, however, Turkey has been gradually moving away from his militant secularism and experiencing "a quiet Muslim reformation." Islamic political identity is not homogeneous, says Yavuz, but can be modern and progressive as well as conservative and potentially authoritarian. While the West has traditionally seen Kemalism as an engine for reform against "reactionary" political Islam, in fact the Kemalist establishment has traditionally used the "Islamic threat" as an excuse to avoid democratization and thus hold on to power. Yavuz offers an account of the "soft coup" of 1997, in which the Kemalist military-bureaucratic establishment overthrew the democratically elected coalition government, which was led by the pro-Islamic Refah party. He argues that the soft coup plunged Turkey into a renewed legitimacy crisis which can only be resolved by the liberalization of the political system. The book ends with a discussion of the most recent election and its implications for Turkey and the Muslim world. Yavuz argues that Islamic social movements can be important agents for promoting a democratic and pluralistic society, and that the Turkish example holds long term promise for the rest of the Muslim world. Based on extensive fieldwork and interviews, this work offers a sophisticated new understanding of the role of political Islam in one of the world's most strategically important countries.
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Book DetailsISBN: 9780195160857
(242mm x 165mm x 25mm)
Imprint: Oxford University Press Inc
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Publish Date: 1-Sep-2003
Country of Publication: United States
Books By Author M. Hakan Yavuz
Toward an Islamic Enlightenment, Hardback (January 2013)
M. Hakan Yavuz offers an insightful and wide-ranging study of the Gulen Movement, one of the most controversial developments in contemporary Islam. Founded in Turkey by the Muslim thinker Fethullah Gulen, the Gulen Movement aims to disseminate a "moderate" interpretation of Islam through faith-based education.
Secularism and Muslim Democracy in Turkey, Hardback (February 2009)
This book discusses whether it is possible for a political party with deeply religious ideology to liberalise and entertain democracy.
Islamic Political Identity in Turkey, Paperback (November 2005)
Provides a comprehensive analysis of Islamic political identity in Turkey. This title argues that, since Kemal Ataturk's death in 1938, Turkey has been moving away from his militant secularism and experiencing 'a quiet Muslim reformation'. It offers an account of the 'soft coup' of 1997, and argues that it plunged Turkey into a legitimacy crisis.
Turkish Islam and the Secular State, Paperback (November 2003)» View all books by M. Hakan Yavuz
This work examines reformations of Islam and culture in Turkey and the successful Islamic modernist Fethullah Gulen movement.
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Author Biography - M. Hakan Yavuz
M. Hakan Yavuz is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Utah.
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