John Buridan by Gyula Klima
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John Buridan
By Gyula Klima

John Buridan

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Format: Paperback

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John Buridan by Gyula Klima

Book Description

This is a brief, accessible introduction to the thought of the philosopher John Buridan (ca. 1295-1361). Little is known about Buridan's life, most of which was spent studying and then teaching at the University of Paris. Buridan's works are mostly by-products of his teaching. They consist mainly of commentaries on Aristotle, covering the whole extent of Aristotelian philosophy, ranging from logic to metaphysics, to natural science, to ethics and politics. Aside from these running commentaries on Aristotle's texts, Buridan wrote influential question-commentaries. These were a typical genre of the medieval scholastic output, in which the authors systematically and thoroughly discussed the most problematic issues raised by the text they were lecturing on. The question-format allowed Buridan to work out in detail his characteristically nominalist take on practically all aspects of Aristotelian philosophy, using the conceptual tools he developed in his works on logic. Buridan's influence in the late Middle Ages can hardly be overestimated. His ideas quickly spread not only through his own works, but to an even larger extent through the work of his students and younger colleagues, such as Nicholas Oresme, Marisilius of Inghen, and Albert of Saxony, who in turn became very influential themselves, and turned Buridan's ideas into standard textbook material in the curricula of many late medieval European universities. With the waning of scholasticism Buridan's fame quickly faded. Gyula Klima argues, however, that many of Buridan's academic concerns are strikingly similar to those of modern philosophy and his work sometimes quite directly addresses modern philosophical questions.

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Book Details

ISBN: 9780195176230
ISBN-10: 0195176235
Format: Paperback
(210mm x 138mm x 24mm)
Pages: 368
Imprint: Oxford University Press Inc
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Publish Date: 25-Dec-2008
Country of Publication: United States

Other Editions...

Books By Author Gyula Klima

Medieval Philosophy by Gyula Klima Medieval Philosophy, Hardback (June 2007)

This collection of readings with extensive editorial commentary brings together key texts of the most influential philosophers of the medieval era to provide a comprehensive introduction for students of philosophy. .

Summulae de Dialectica by Gyula Klima Summulae de Dialectica, Hardback (February 2002)

An annotated translation of the entire text of the "Summulae de dialectica", by the Parisian master of arts, John Buridan (1300-1358). It features an introduction to Buridan's life and work and discusses his place in the history of logic. There are extensive notes.

» View all books by Gyula Klima


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Author Biography - Gyula Klima

Gyula Klima is a Professor of Philosophy at Fordham University.

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John Buridan by Gyula Klima
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Medieval Philosophy by Gyula Klima
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