Between Nature and Society
By (author) Stephen Cole
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Making Science by Stephen Cole
Book DescriptionThe sociology of science is dominated by relativists who argue that the content of science is not influenced by evidence from the empirical world but is instead socially constructed in the laboratory. "Making Science" is a critique by a sociologist of the social constructivist position. Stephen Cole begins by making a distinction between two kinds of knowledge: the core, which consists of those contributions that have passed the test of evaluation and are universally accepted as true and important, and the research frontier, which is composed of all work in progress that is still under evaluation. Of the thousands of scientific contributions made each year, only a handful end up in the core. What distinguishes those that are successful? Agreeing with the constructivists, Cole argues that there exists no set of rules that enables scientists to certify the validity of frontier knowledge. This knowledge is "underdetermined" by the evidence, and therefore social factors - such as professional characteristics and intellectual authority - can and do play a crucial role in its evaluation. But Cole parts company with the constructivists when he asserts that it is impossible to understand which frontier knowledge wins a place in the core without first considering the cognitive characterstics of the contributions. He concludes that although the focus of scientific research, the rate of advance, and indeed the everyday making of science are influenced by social variables and processes, the content of the core of science is constrained by nature. In "Making Science", Cole shows how social variables and cognitive variables interact in the evaluation of frontier knowledge.
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Book DetailsISBN: 9780674543478
(235mm x 155mm x 29mm)
Imprint: Harvard University Press
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publish Date: 2-Nov-1992
Country of Publication: United States
Books By Author Stephen Cole
Twit Twoo, Paperback (October 2015)
Brand new blue Early Reader story about the adventures of Twit, the owl who wasn't wise, from bestselling author Steve Cole.
Monstar, the Superhero, Paperback (June 2014)
The second brand-new full colour red Early Reader story from DOCTOR WHO scriptwriter and Astrosaurs author, Steve Cole, about Monstar, the green furry monster who wishes she was a superhero!
Doctor Who: Sting of the Zygons, Paperback (March 2014)» View all books by Stephen Cole
The TARDIS lands the Doctor and Martha in the Lake District in 1909, where a small village has been terrorised by a giant monster. The search is on for the elusive 'Beast of Westmorland', and explorers from across the country are descending on the fells. King Edward VII himself has joined the search, with a knighthood for whoever finds the Beast.
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Author Biography - Stephen Cole
Stephen Cole is Professor of Sociology at the State University of New York at Stony Brook.
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