Reduction and Preservation in Phonology
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Markedness by Paul de Lacy
Book Description'Markedness' refers to the tendency of languages to show a preference for particular structures or sounds. This bias towards 'marked' elements is consistent within and across languages, and tells us a great deal about what languages can and cannot do. This pioneering study presents a groundbreaking theory of markedness in phonology. De Lacy argues that markedness is part of our linguistic competence, and is determined by three conflicting mechanisms in the brain: (a) pressure to preserve marked sounds ('preservation'), (b) pressure to turn marked sounds into unmarked sounds ('reduction'), and (c) a mechanism allowing the distinction between marked and unmarked sounds to be collapsed ('conflation'). He shows that due to these mechanisms, markedness occurs only when preservation is irrelevant. Drawing on examples of phenomena such as epenthesis, neutralisation, assimilation, vowel reduction and sonority-driven stress, Markedness offers an important insight into this essential concept in the understanding of human language.
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Book DetailsISBN: 9780521839624
(228mm x 152mm x 30mm)
Imprint: Cambridge University Press
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publish Date: 17-Aug-2006
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Books By Author Paul de Lacy
Cambridge Handbook of Phonology, Paperback (July 2012)
A comprehensive and detailed overview of the field of phonology, written by the world's leading experts in the field.
Markedness, Paperback (April 2010)» View all books by Paul de Lacy
This book presents a theory of 'markedness', the way in which languages demonstrate bias towards particular sounds.
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Author Biography - Paul de Lacy
Paul de Lacy is Assistant Professor in the Department of Linguistics, Rutgers University.
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