The Origins of Virtue
By (author) Matt Ridley
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Origins of Virtue by Matt Ridley
Book DescriptionWhy are people nice to each other? What are the reasons for altruism? Matt Ridley explains how the human mind has evolved a special instinct for social exchange, offering a lucid and persuasive argument about the paradox of human benevolence.
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Book DetailsISBN: 9780140244045
(198mm x 129mm x 17mm)
Imprint: Penguin Books Ltd
Publisher: Penguin Books Ltd
Publish Date: 30-Oct-1997
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Books By Author Matt Ridley
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Rational Optimist, Paperback (March 2011)
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Francis Crick, Paperback (February 2008)» View all books by Matt Ridley
Acclaimed author Matt Ridley traces the colourful life of the man who discovered the structure of DNA, the building blocks of life.
UK Kirkus Review » Ridley made his name with an excellent book about sex and evolution, The Red Queen. This is an even better book, about the evolution of society, altruism and cooperation - in short, sociobiology, although that word (regarded by some as an obscenity) does not appear in the index. There is little that is new in this book, where we meet such familiar concepts as the Prisoner's Dilemma and the evolutionary nature of hawks and doves; but Ridley puts the package together in such a satisfying manner that the whole is much greater than the sum of its parts. (Kirkus UK)
US Kirkus Review » How do organisms whose behavior is apparently determined by "selfish genes" become social beings, let alone altruists and saints? Ridley, former science editor of the Economist, looks to the growing field of evolutionary psychology for answers. This new discipline draws on insights from anthropology, economics, and politics, as well as on the evolutionary trends the author explored in The Red Queen: Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature (1994). Other organisms besides humans have learned to cooperate. The social insects have long been taken as models for human society; the division of labor they exhibit is one of the key advantages of social living. Vampire bats nest in large groups, and it is common for a successful hunter to share its meal with a neighbor, in hopes that the favor will be returned at a later date. This discovery leads to a digression on the famous "prisoner's dilemma" of game theory; the first studies seemed to show that the selfish player invariably wins. It now appears that a cooperative player with a "tit for tat" strategy will outlast the purely selfish one. Communal hunting raises interesting issues, too. Surplus meat is often traded for sex with an attractive female neighbor. Early modern humans so effectively hunted large animals that many - the mammoth, for example - became extinct. Another negative effect of large-scale cooperation is war. It is evidently difficult even for highly sophisticated social beings to abandon the notion that only their own tribe is really human and that others must be exterminated. The other side of the coin is trade, which depends on mutual trust. "Trust is as vital a form of social capital as money is a form of actual capital," Ridley argues in a concluding chapter in which he attempts to draw lessons for the modern political arena. A provocative look at some of the central questions about what makes us human; strongly recommended. (Kirkus Reviews)
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Author Biography - Matt Ridley
MATT RIDLEY is a research fellow of the Institute of Economic Affairs and a Trustee of the International Centre for Life, living in Northumberland. His last book, The Red Queen, was short-listed for the Rhone-Poulenc Prize for science books and the Writers' Guild Award for non-fiction.
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