Origins of Vowel Systems by Bart De Boer
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Origins of Vowel Systems
By Bart De Boer

The Origins of Vowel Systems

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Format: Hardback

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Origins of Vowel Systems by Bart De Boer

Book Description

This book addresses the question of how the properties of human vowel systems can be explained. Though it is found that vowel systems of human languages are optimal for communicative purposes, it is not clear who is doing the optimization. If children learn a language, they learn to produce sounds that are as close as possible to those used by their parents and peers. The hypothesis is put forward that the optimization is the result of self-organization in a population of language users. Self-organization is the emergence of order on a global scale in a system where there are only local interactions. It is a phenomenon that appears in many natural systems from purely physical ones, such as crystals, to systems composed of living organisms, such as colonies of insects. Recent developments in linguistics indicate that self-organization might also play an important role in language. The theory is put to the test by implementing it as a computer model. This computer model simulates the interaction in a population of artificial 'agents' that can each produce and perceive vowels in a human-like way. The vowel systems that emerge from the computer simulations closely resemble human vowel systems. It is also shown that many simple variations on the basic system can be investigated, thus providing valuable insight into the dynamics of systems of speech sounds. The ultimate aim of the book is to provide insight into how language has evolved. It turns out that the mechanism of self-organization can make it easier to explain the evolution of language, since it provides an alternative mechanism for the emergence of certain linguistic structures.

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Book Details

ISBN: 9780198299653
ISBN-10: 0198299656
Format: Hardback
(245mm x 164mm x 18mm)
Pages: 184
Imprint: Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publish Date: 23-Aug-2001
Country of Publication: United Kingdom

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Books By Author Bart De Boer

Birds of Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire by Bart De Boer Birds of Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire, Paperback (March 2012)

The Netherlands Antilles comprises the three main islands of Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire. They are major tourist destinations, especially popular with divers. This will be the first ever comprehensive field guide dedicated to the birds of the region.

Origins of Vowel Systems by Bart De Boer Origins of Vowel Systems, Paperback (August 2001)

Addresses universal tendencies of human vowel systems from the point of view of self-organization. This work uses computer simulations to show that the same universal tendencies found in human languages can be reproduced in a population of artificial agents. It also explores the implications of these results for the evolution of language.

» View all books by Bart De Boer

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Author Biography - Bart De Boer

Bart de Boer is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Center for Mind, Brain, and Learning at the University of Washington. After completing his Ph.D. in Computer Science at Vrije Universiteit in Brussels, he spent four months carrying out fieldwork on the Bahing language of East Nepal before returning to Vrije as a Postdoctoral Assistant. He took up his current post in December 2000.

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