Paradigms and Barriers
How Habits of Mind Govern Scientific Beliefs 2nd
By (author) Howard Margolis
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Paradigms and Barriers by Howard Margolis
Book DescriptionIn "Paradigms and Barriers" Howard Margolis offers an innovative interpretation of Thomas S. Kuhn's landmark idea of "paradigm shifts, " applying insights from cognitive psychology to the history and philosophy of science. Building upon the arguments in his acclaimed "Patterns, Thinking, and Cognition," Margolis suggests that the breaking down of particular habits of mind--of critical "barriers"--is key to understanding the processes through which one model or concept is supplanted by another. Margolis focuses on those revolutionary paradigm shifts-- such as the switch from a Ptolemaic to a Copernican worldview--where challenges to entrenched habits of mind are marked by incomprehension or indifference to a new paradigm. Margolis argues that the critical problem for a revolutionary shift in thinking lies in the robustness of the habits of mind that reject the new ideas, relative to the habits of mind that accept the new ideas. Margolis applies his theory to famous cases in the history of science, offering detailed explanations for the transition from Ptolemaic to cosmological astronomy, the emergence of probability, the overthrow of phlogiston, and the emergence of the central role of experiment in the seventeenth century. He in turn uses these historical examples to address larger issues, especially the nature of belief formation and contemporary debates about the nature of science and the evolution of scientific ideas. Howard Margolis is a professor in the Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies and in the College at the University of Chicago. He is the author of "Selfishness, Altruism, and Rationality" and "Patterns, Thinking, and Cognition," both published by theUniversity of Chicago Press.
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Book DetailsISBN: 9780226505237
(226mm x 152mm x 16mm)
Imprint: University of Chicago Press
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Publish Date: 1-Jun-1993
Country of Publication: United States
Books By Author Howard Margolis
Cognition and Extended Rational Choice, Hardback (January 2005)View all books by Howard Margolis
One of the exciting innovations in the social sciences has been the emergence of 'behaviour economics'. This book demonstrates how an account of widely-discussed topics, from tipping points in social choice to cognitive illusions and experimental anomalies, can be brought within a coherent framework.
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Author Biography - Howard Margolis
Howard Margolis is a professor in the Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies and in the College at the University of Chicago. He is the author of "Selfishness, Altruism, and Rationality" and "Patterns, Thinking, and Cognition," both published by the University of Chicago Press.
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