The Rise of Modern Logic
From Leibniz to Frege
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Rise of Modern Logic by Dov M. Gabbay
Book DescriptionWith the publication of the present volume, the Handbook of the History of Logic turns its attention to the rise of modern logic. The period covered is 1685-1900, with this volume carving out the territory from Leibniz to Frege. What is striking about this period is the earliness and persistence of what could be called 'the mathematical turn in logic'. Virtually every working logician is aware that, after a centuries-long run, the logic that originated in antiquity came to be displaced by a new approach with a dominantly mathematical character. It is, however, a substantial error to suppose that the mathematization of logic was, in all essentials, Frege's accomplishment or, if not his alone, a development ensuing from the second half of the nineteenth century. The mathematical turn in logic, although given considerable torque by events of the nineteenth century, can with assurance be dated from the final quarter of the seventeenth century in the impressively prescient work of Leibniz. It is true that, in the three hundred year run-up to the Begriffsschrift, one does not see a smoothly continuous evolution of the mathematical turn, but the idea that logic is mathematics, albeit perhaps only the most general part of mathematics, is one that attracted some degree of support throughout the entire period in question. Still, as Alfred North Whitehead once noted, the relationship between mathematics and symbolic logic has been an "uneasy" one, as is the present-day association of mathematics with computing. Some of this unease has a philosophical texture. For example, those who equate mathematics and logic sometimes disagree about the directionality of the purported identity. Frege and Russell made themselves famous by insisting (though for different reasons) that logic was the senior partner. Indeed logicism is the view that mathematics can be re-expressed without relevant loss in a suitably framed symbolic logic. But for a number of thinkers who took an algebraic approach to logic, the dependency relation was reversed, with mathematics in some form emerging as the senior partner. This was the precursor of the modern view that, in its four main precincts (set theory, proof theory, model theory and recursion theory), logic is indeed a branch of pure mathematics. It would be a mistake to leave the impression that the mathematization of logic (or the logicization of mathematics) was the sole concern of the history of logic between 1665 and 1900. There are, in this long interval, aspects of the modern unfolding of logic that bear no stamp of the imperial designs of mathematicians, as the chapters on Kant and Hegcl make clear. Of the two, Hcgel's influence on logic is arguably the greater, serving as a spur to the unfolding of an idealist tradition in logic - a development that will be covered in a further volume, British Logic in the Nineteenth Century.
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Book DetailsISBN: 9780444516114
(240mm x 165mm x 38mm)
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology
Publish Date: 4-Mar-2004
Country of Publication: United States
Books By Author Dov M. Gabbay
Functional Interpretation of Logical Deduction, Hardback (November 2011)
By uncovering a certain harmony between a functional calculus on the labels and a logical calculus on the formulas, this book allows mathematical foundations for systems of logic presentation designed to handle meta-level features at the object-level via a labelling mechanism, such as the D Gabbay's Labelled Deductive Systems.
Philosophy of Statistics, Hardback (May 2011)
Statisticians and philosophers of science have many common interests but restricted communication with each other. This book provides research in the area of Philosophy of Statistics. It presents work in the field without bias toward any particular statistical paradigm.
Inductive Logic, Hardback (May 2011)
Covers the rich history of scientific turning points in Inductive Logic, including probability theory and decision theory. This book is suitable for senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in the history of logic, and the history of philosophy.
Logic, Hardback (June 2010)» View all books by Dov M. Gabbay
Brings together the development of logic in modern techniques of historical and interpretative scholarship. This title covers in depth the notion of logical consequence. It discusses the central concept in logic of modality.
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Author Biography - Dov M. Gabbay
Dov M. Gabbay is Augustus De Morgan Professor Emeritus of Logic at the Group of Logic, Language and Computation, Department of Computer Science, King's College London. He has authored over four hundred and fifty research papers and over thirty research monographs. He is editor of several international Journals, and many reference works and Handbooks of Logic.
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