The Romanians, 1774-1866
By (author) Keith Hitchins
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Romanians, 1774-1866 by Keith Hitchins
Book DescriptionThe century from the 1774 Treaty of Kuchuk Kainardji (between Russia and the Ottoman Empire) to the end of Prince Alexandru Cuza's reign in 1866 stands as a distinct era in the development of modern Romania. It marks the transition from long-established agrarian economic and social structures, and medieval political forms, to a society moulded by urban and industrial values and held together by allegiance to the nation-state. This initial period of nation-building was characterized by dramatic shifts of mentality and significant changes in economic and social life. The principal changes included: the freeing of the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia from Ottoman Turkish dominion and their union to form the core of modern Romania; the cultivation of the idea of the ethnic nation as the foundation of community; the emergence of new ways of producing goods and doing business, notably the advance of capitalism in agriculture and industry; and the relentless advance of Western political forms, economic models and cultural acheivements. As a consequence, by the 1860s a united, and for all practical purposes, an independent Romania had come into being, and the institutions and ideologies that were to guide the countrie's development down to the Second World War were in place. In the process the Romanians had experienced a fundamental shift in their mental outlook away from the traditions of the Eastern Orthodox world towards the innovations and experiments of the West. Yet the creators of the new state could never forget that they and their countrymen remained as always at the crossroads between east and west. This original and ground-breaking work is the first attempt to treat the period 1774-1866 as a distinct stage in the evolution of modern Romania and is a fascinating analysis of the building of a European nation-state.
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Book DetailsISBN: 9780198205913
(243mm x 163mm x 25mm)
Imprint: Clarendon Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publish Date: 6-Jun-1996
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Books By Author Keith Hitchins
Concise History of Romania, Hardback (February 2014)
A comprehensive and engaging new history charting Romania's development over 2000 years from its establishment to the present day.
Ionel Bratianu: Romania, Hardback (June 2011)
In 1916 Romania was promised the whole of Transylvania, the Banat both components of historic Hungary and the Bukovina in return for her entry into the war. These promises persuaded the Romanian Prime Minister Ion Bratianu to intervene in the war on the side of the Allies in 1916. He lead the Romanian delegation to the Paris Peace Conference.
Rumania, 1866-1947, Hardback (May 1994)» View all books by Keith Hitchins
The collapse of Communist power has focused attention once again on the processes of nation-building in Central and Eastern Europe. In this comprehensive study, Keith Hitchins traces how Rumania's political and intellectual elites attempted to create an independent state before the advent of Communist rule in 1947.
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