Any literate person should be familiar with the central ideas of modern science. In his sparkling new book, Peter Atkins introduces his choice of the ten great ideas of science. With wit, charm, patience, and astonishing insights, he leads the reader through the emergence of the concepts, and then presents them in a strikingly effective manner. At the same time, he works into his engaging narrative an illustration of the scientific method and shows how simple ideas can have enormous consequences. His choice of the ten great ideas are: * Evolution occurs by natural selection, in which the early attempts at explaining the origin of species is followed by an account of the modern approach and some of its unsolved problems. * Inheritance is encoded in DNA, in which the story of the emergence of an understanding of inheritance is followed through to the mapping of the human genome. * Energy is conserved, in which we see how the central concept of energy gradually dawned on scientists as they mastered the motion of particles and the concept of heat.
* All change is the consequence of the purposeless collapse of energy and matter into disorder, in which the extraordinarily simple concept of entropy is used to account for events in the world. * Matter is atomic, in which we see how the concept of atoms emerged and how the different personalities of the elements arise from the structures of their atoms. * Symmetry limits, guides, and drives, in which we see how concepts related to beauty can be extended to understand the nature of fundamental particles and the forces that act between them. * Waves behave like particles and particles behave like waves, in which we see how old familiar ideas gave way to the extraordinary insights of quantum theory and transformed our perception of matter. * The universe is expanding, in which we see how a combination of astronomy and a knowledge of elementary particles accounts for the origin of the universe and its long term future. * Spacetime is curved by matter, in which we see the emergence of the theories of special and general relativity and come to understand the nature of space and time.
* If arithmetic is consistent, then it is incomplete, in which we learn the origin of numbers and arithmetic, see how the philosophy of mathematics lets us understand the nature of this most cerebral of subjects, and are brought to the limits of its power. C.P. Snow once said 'not knowing the second law of thermodynamics is like never having read a work by Shakespeare'. This is an extraordinary, exciting book that not only will make you literate in science but give you deep enjoyment on the way.
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(240mm x 168mm x 25mm)
Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
UK Kirkus Review »
It seems that our appetite for intelligently presented books of popular science continues unabated, and this is undoubtedly one of the most stimulating and innovative entries in the field yet. Of course the notion that the ten great ideas of science (as Atkins's subtitle has it) may be readily identified for the purpose of a book is fanciful, but for the general reader, the concept works well. The title derives from the fact that one of Galileo's fingers is preserved under glass in Florence, and Atkins uses the metaphor of the finger of science pointing the way out of the obscurantism of previous eras dominated by religion, as Galileo came up against the priests of his day (Atkins is wry about the fact that science is still identified in many countries as the enemy of orthodox notions of religion). All of the concepts here are crucial ones in modern scientific thinking, and they have many ramifications, all splendidly elucidated by Atkins. Energy, symmetry, the quantification of beauty and entropy (from which the mutability of the universe is produced) are all given a lucid and transparent treatment. At times the text is demanding, and the illustrations are not always helpful, but few people who tackle this excellent volume will not come away enriched and enlightened. (Kirkus UK)
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Author Biography - Peter Atkins
Peter Atkins is Professor of Chemistry and Fellow of Lincoln College at Oxford University. He is the author of several world-famous chemistry textbooks. One reason why these continue to be leaders throughout the world after more than two decades is his remarkable gift for being able to explain things--especially challenging concepts--memorably and with great clarity. This gift has regularly been deployed in his books for the general reader (Richard Dawkins has described one of them, The Creation, as 'the most beautifully written popular science book ever'), but never to better effect than now, in Galileo's Finger.