Food is one of the great pleasures of life. For many, more especially in the developed world, overindulgence and a less active lifestyle have generated the so-called epidemic of obesity. Despite this, many societies place great emphasis on a perfect, slim body shape and may discriminate against those who are overweight. There are strong individual differences in body weight, and hardly a month goes by without the announcement of yet another gene 'for' obesity, with discussion of the implications for those who hope to reduce their body weight. How should individuals and governments respond to the different challenges of obesity? The book takes a multidisciplinary approach, beginning with a broad overview of issues, then moving to an examination of the biological and psychological aspects of eating behaviour and exercise, and their implications for overall energy balance. These early chapters include a description of human nutrition and physiology, particularly in relation to adipose tissue, and an examination of the way in which brain receives information from the rest of the body about likely energy needs.
One of the most important questions about obesity is why some individuals are so much heavier than others. Here the book looks at the contributions from genetics, development, and influences from the social environment - and the complex way in which these may interact. Obesity increases the risk of ill health. Later chapters examine the diseases that are associated with obesity, the discrimination experienced and its effect on socio-economic status and psychological wellbeing. Obesity is often associated with recurrent efforts to lose weight. We discuss the different strategies that individuals may use to lose weight, from diet and exercise through to more medically oriented options including surgery and drug treatment. None of these methods has a good record of success and may also incur harmful side effects; these problems are addressed, together with the research that might overcome them. The book concludes by examining how governments, and others, might develop policies that respond to the challenge of overcoming the obesity epidemic.
Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre to accompany this book features: For registered adopters of the text: * Many figures from the book in electronic format, ready to download For everyone: * Access to ROUTES, a searchable internet database of online resources compiled by academic staff and subject-specialist librarians.
Buy Challenging Obesity book by Heather McLannahan from Australia's Online Bookstore, Boomerang Books.
(264mm x 211mm x 17mm)
Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Author Biography - Heather McLannahan
Heather McLannahan is a Senior Lecturer in Health Studies at The Open University. She followed her postgraduate studies at Oxford with a Lectureship at Liverpool University and then worked on sea-bird behaviour, including feeding behaviour, at the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology in Norwich and gave undergraduate lectures at UEA until a further family move to the Lake District forced a career break. Here she discovered distance learning and became an OU Associate Lecturer, subsequently joining the full-time staff in 1988. Since then she has written about 20 chapters in books for OU courses, many of them co-published. Most recently she was academic editor and chapter author for the Science Faculty's most popular intermediary undergraduate course, Human Biology and has just completed the copublished undergraduate title Visual Impairment: A Global View (copublished with Oxford University Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0199237319) to which she has been the major contributor and academic editor. Pete Clifton is Professor of Psychology at the University of Sussex and is also an Associate Lecturer with The Open University. He teaches biological psychology, with a particular focus on eating and obesity, to undergraduates in psychology and to medical students within the Brighton and Sussex Medical School. He is author of about 70 book chapters and journal articles. His research is in the area of feeding and body weight, with a particular emphasis on the relevant neural and behavioural mechanisms.