AMAL AMAROUCH is a Ph.D. candidate at Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Canada. SPYROS ARVANITIS is Senior Researcher at the KOF Swiss Economic Institute of the ETH Zurich. He is head of the Research Division 'Structural Change' of this institute and Lecturer in economics at the ETH Zurich. TORSTEN BRODT holds a business degree from the University of Mannheim and received his PhD in innovation research from the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland and is currently employed at Swissom. LUC CASSIVI is an associate professor in the Department of Management and Technology at the Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Canada. He received his Ph.D from Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Canada and Ecole Centrale de Paris, France. VITTORIA CHIESA is full professor of R&D Strategy and Organisation at Politecnico di Milano. He is member of the Management Council of MIP - Business School, where he is responsible of the Technology Strategy Area. DORIS FAY is a full professor of Work and Organisational Psychology at University of Potsdam, Germany. She was awarded her PhD in Psychology from University of Amsterdam, after which she lectured at the University of Giessen, Germany and Aston University, UK. FEDERICO FRATTINI is PhD candidate in Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering at Politecnico di Milano. He was lecturer in Business Economics and Organisation at Universita Vita-Salute San Raffaele, and previously at Universita Carlo Cattaneo LIUC. MICHAEL FRITSCH is Professor of Economics and Chair of Business Dynamics, Innovation, and Economic Change at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany. He is also Research Professor at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW-Berlin) and at the Max-Planck Institute for Economics, Jena. ALFRED KLEINKNECHT is Professor of Innovation Economics at Delft University of Technology. Previously he was Professor of Industrial Economics at Amsterdam. SEBASTIAN KNOLL holds a degree in industrial management and engineering from the Technical University of Berlin and received his PhD in corporate strategy research from the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland. ELISABETH LEFEBVRE is professor in the Department of Mathematics and Industrial Engineering at Ecole Polytechnique in Montreal. She received the Ph.D. degree in business administration from the University of Montreal. LOUIS A. LEFEBVRE is professor in the Department of Mathematics and Industrial Engineering at Ecole Polytechnique in Montreal (Canada) and invited professor in the Department of Management Studies at the University of Wageningen (NL). GAEL LE HEN is at the Department of Mathematics and Industrial Engineering at Ecole Polytechnique in Montreal (Canada). He is also an engineering practitioner. HANS LOOF is director of economic studies in the Division of Economics, Department of Transport and Economics, Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. JONATHAN MICHIE is Director of the Department for Continuing Education and President of Kellogg College, University of Oxford. Previously he was Director of Birmingham Business School. PIERRE MOHNEN is professor of microeconometrics of technical change at Universiteit Maastricht, professorial Fellow at MERIT, and associate Fellow at CIRANO. ROLAND ORTT is associate professor of technology and R&D management at Delft University of Technology. He teaches in both areas. FRANZ PALM has been a professor of econometrics at Universiteit Maastricht since 1985. In 2005 he has been awarded the Royal Academy Professorship for his contributions to the theory of econometric time series models. MARIACRISTINA PIVA is Associate Professor in Economic Policy at the Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Piacenza and Milan, Italy. SYBRAND SCHIM VAN DER LOEFF is associate professor of econometrics at Universiteit Maastricht. His research interests are in applied (micro)econometrics. MAURA SHEENAN is a Reader in Human Resource Management at the University of Brighton Business School. She was previously an Associate Professor at the Graduate School of Management, University of Dallas and a Senior Lecturer in Economics at Queen's University, Belfast. HELEN SHIPTON is Senior Lecturer at Aston Business School. Her research is on the contribution of effective people management practice to organizational effectiveness and has explored the relationship between HRM and organizational innovation within SME's. VIKTOR SLAVTCHEV is research assistant at the Chair of Business Dynamics, Innovation, and Economic Change at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany. AMARESH TIWARI is a research assistant and a PhD student at Universiteit Maastricht. His thesis is on the financing of innovation in Dutch firms. PAUL TROTT is Reader in Innovation Management at the Business School, University of Portsmouth. Recently he was appointed as visiting Professor of Innovation& Entrepreneurship at TU Delft, The Netherlands. CEES VAN BEERS is currently associate professor of innovation economics at Delft University of Technology. Before he was at the University of Leiden and the Free University Amsterdam. ROBERT VERBURG is associate professor of Organizational Behaviour at Delft University of Technology (TUD). Prior to joining TUD, he conducted senior-level executive search assignments for advanced technology companies. MARCO VIVARELLI gained his Ph.D. in Economics and a Ph.D in Science and Technology Policy, is Full Professor at the Catholic University of Piacenza and Senior Scientist at the European Commission-JRC-IPTS, Seville.