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Description - Homeless, Friendless, and Penniless by Ronald L. Baker

This volume is based on a collection of interviews with former slaves who lived in Indiana in the late 1930s. The interviews were conducted as part of Indiana's contribution to a federal project undertaken in 17 states during the Great Depression. Over a three-year period, former slaves and, in some cases, descendants of former slaves, shared their memories with field-workers of the Federal Writers' Project (FWP) of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), renamed the Work Projects Administration in 1939. As a result of this early fieldwork in folklore and oral history, today we have an invaluable record of the lives and thoughts of former slaves who moved to Indiana after the Civil War and made significant contributions to the evolving patchwork of Hoosier culture. The Indiana interviews are especially notable because they were collected from freed slaves living in a state that was free during the Civil War. Most of the other form slaves interviewed for the national project still lived in the South, very close to where they were held in bondage. The Indiana slave narratives provide a glimpse of slavery from the memories of those who experienced it and thus preserve insiders' views of an unfortunate chapter in American history. Though the former slaves represented in the Indiana collection lived in Indiana at the time of the interviews, they were, of course, held in slavery in other states; therefore, the interviews reveal a variety of experiences of African Americans enslaved not in a single state but in eleven different states from the Carolinas to Louisiana, though most of them were slaves in Kentucky. The interviews deal with life and work on the plantation; the treatment of slaves; escaping from slavery; education, religion, and folklore of slaves; and recollections of the Civil War. Just as important, the interviews reveal how former slaves fared in Indiana after the Civil War and during the Depression. Some became ministers, a few became educators, and one became a physician; but many lived in poverty and survived on Christian faith and small government pensions.

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Book Details

ISBN: 9780253338037
ISBN-10: 0253338034
Format: Hardback
(235mm x 155mm x mm)
Pages: 368
Imprint: Indiana University Press
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Publish Date: 12-Apr-1999
Country of Publication: United States

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Author Biography - Ronald L. Baker

Ronald L. Baker, Chairperson and Professor of English at Indiana State University, is the author of Folklore in the Writings of Rowland E. Robinson, Hoosier Folk Legends, Jokelore: Humorous Folktales from Indiana, French Folklife in Old Vincennes, From Needmore to Prosperity: Hoosier Place Names in Folklore and History, and numerous articles in folklore journals. He is co-author of Indiana Place Names and editor of The Folklore Historian, journal of the Folklore and History Section of the American Folklore Society, and a monograph, The Study of Place Names.

Books By Ronald L. Baker

Hoosier Folk Legends by Ronald L. Baker
Paperback, June 1982