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Description - Reinventing Knowledge by Ian F. McNeely

Here is an intellectual entertainment, a sweeping history of the key institutions that have organized knowledge in the West from the classical period onward. With elegance and wit, this exhilarating history alights at the pivotal points of cultural transformation. The motivating question throughout: How does history help us understand the vast changes we are now experiencing in the landscape of knowledge?Beginning in Alexandria and its great center of Hellenistic learning and imperial power, we then see the monastery in the wilderness of a collapsed civilization, the rambunctious universities of the late medieval cities, and the thick social networks of the Enlightenment republic of letters. The development of science and the laboratory as a dominant knowledge institution brings us to the present, seeking patterns in the new digital networks of knowledge.Full of memorable characters, this fresh history succeeds in restoring the strangeness and the significance of the past.

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Book Details

ISBN: 9780393065060
ISBN-10: 0393065065
Format: Hardback
(218mm x 147mm x 30mm)
Pages: 352
Imprint: WW Norton & Co
Publisher: WW Norton & Co
Publish Date: 12-Sep-2008
Country of Publication: United States

Other Editions - Reinventing Knowledge by Ian F. McNeely

Book Reviews - Reinventing Knowledge by Ian F. McNeely

US Kirkus Review » An intelligent, provocative history of institutions that preserve and disseminate information.McNeely and Wolverton (History/Univ. of Oregon) discuss six, beginning with the library. The great library founded in Alexandria, Egypt, in the third century BCE was actually a break with tradition, they note. Ancient Greek society was based on oral traditions, and not everyone was in favor of collecting written knowledge. Books are untrustworthy, Socrates insisted, because their contents are detached from the actions, honor and character of whoever wrote them. He wasn't entirely wrong, the authors maintain. Readers often grant undeserved authority to the written word, and even today nonsense competes with wisdom in all assemblies of information, the Internet most of all. On the other hand, writing is durable, so libraries caught on. In chronological order, the narrative moves on to the monastery, the university, the Republic of Letters, the disciplines and the laboratory. While other writers extol monasteries for preserving ancient texts during the Dark Ages, McNeely and Wolverton point out that monks devoted almost all their copying to Christian documents; the Islamic culture that arose after 600 CE did a better job of preserving ancient classics. The first universities, products of increasing prosperity in the 12th century, were simply urban collections of scholars and students; hundreds of years passed before construction produced the great institutions that remain today. Universities combined with moveable type and the Renaissance after 1450 to produce the Republic of Letters, an explosion of humanist thinkers who exchanged information throughout Europe in their common language, Latin. So much knowledge had accumulated by the 18th century that serious academics had to specialize and hence, the disciplines appeared. Throughout history, educated men studied what was already known; the Enlightenment launched a revolution with writers and scientists who took an interest in new knowledge. Laboratories produced a trickle then an avalanche of technical breakthroughs accompanied by a mass of information and information technology that today threatens to overwhelm us.Stimulating and witty - intellectual entertainment at its best. (Kirkus Reviews)

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Author Biography - Ian F. McNeely

Ian F. McNeely teaches at the University of Oregon and lives in Eugene. Lisa Wolverton teaches at the University of Oregon and lives in Eugene.

Books By Ian F. McNeely

Reinventing Knowledge by Ian F. McNeely
Paperback, September 2009
Emancipation of Writing by Ian F. McNeely
Hardback, January 2003