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In 1920, Lenin authorised a plan to transform Karelia, a Russian territory adjacent to Finland, into a showcase Soviet autonomous region, to show what could be achieved by socialist nationalities policy and economic planning, and to encourage other countries to follow this example. However, Stalin's accession to power brought a change of policy towards the periphery - the encouragement of local autonomy which had been a key part of Karelia's model development was reversed, the state border was sealed to the outside world, and large parts of the republic's territory were given over to Gulag labour camps controlled by the NKVD, the precursor of the KGB. This book traces the evolution of Soviet Karelia in the early Soviet period, discussing amongst other things how political relations between Moscow and the regional leadership changed over time; the nature of its spatial, economic and demographic development; and the origins of the massive repressions launched in 1937 against the local population.

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Book Details

ISBN: 9780415312165
ISBN-10: 0415312167
Format: Hardback
(234mm x 156mm x 21mm)
Pages: 352
Imprint: Routledge
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Publish Date: 31-May-2006
Country of Publication: United Kingdom

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Author Biography - Nick Baron

Nick Baron teaches twentieth century Russian and East European history and historical geography at the University of Nottingham, UK. He is the author of The King of Karelia. Col P.J. Woods and the British Intervention in North Russia, 1918-1919 (2007) and co-editor of Homelands. War, Population and Statehood in Eastern Europe and Russia, 1918-1924 (2004) and Sovetskaia Lesnaia Ekonomika. Moskva-Sever. 1917-1941 (2005). He is currently working on a cultural history of Soviet cartography.

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