As long as there have been governments, ordinary people have been acting in a variety of often informal or extralegal ways to influence the rulers who claimed authority over them. "Shaping History" shows how ordinary people broke down the institutional and cultural barriers that separated elite from popular politics in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe and entered fully into the historical process of European state formation. Wayne Te Brake's outstanding synthesis builds on the many studies of popular political action in specific settings and conflicts, locating the interaction of rulers and subjects more generally within the multiple political spaces of composite states. In these states, says Te Brake, a broad range of political subjects, often religiously divided among themselves, necessarily aligned themselves with alternative claimants to cultural and political sovereignty in challenging the cultural and fiscal demands of some rulers. This often violent interaction between subjects and rulers had particularly potent consequences during the course of the Reformation, the Counter-Reformation, and the Crisis of the Seventeenth Century.
But, as Te Brake makes clear, it was an ongoing political process, not a series of separate cataclysmic events. Offering a compelling alternative to traditionally elite-centered accounts of territorial state formation in Europe, this book calls attention to the variety of ways ordinary people have molded and shaped their own political histories.
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(229mm x 152mm x 12mm)
University of California Press
Publisher: University of California Press
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UK Kirkus Review »
Over the last generation a great deal of historical research has been devoted to the recovery of the role of ordinary men and women in political processes of the past. To be sure, the vast majority of people were usually excluded from positions of power and denied a formal say in workings of government; but through the informal methods of petitioning and demonstrating, rioting and rebellion, they were able to influence events on high to a surprising extent. Te Brake's new survey of popular politics in early modern Europe synthesizes a vast literature in producing a valuable introduction to the field. He examines the tumultuous upheavals of these centuries - the Reformation, the French wars of religion, the civil wars in Britain - and draws together some fascinating parallels and common themes in analysing the role of the crowd. (Kirkus UK)
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Author Biography - Wayne Te Brake
Wayne te Brake, Professor of History at Purchase College, State University of New York, is author of Regents and Rebels: The Revolutionary World of an Eighteenth-Century Dutch City (1989), and coeditor of Challenging Authority: The Historical Study of Contentious Politics (1998).