Dealing with the aftermath of civil conflict or the fall of a repressive government continues to trouble countries throughout the world. Whereas much of the 1990s was occupied with debates concerning the relative merits of criminal prosecutions and truth commissions, by the end of the decade a consensus emerged that this either/or approach was inappropriate and unnecessary. A second generation of transitional justice experiences have stressed both truth and justice and recognize that a single method may inadequately serve societies rebuilding after conflict or dictatorship. Based on studies in ten countries, this book analyzes how some combine multiple institutions, others experiment with community-level initiatives that draw on traditional law and culture, whilst others combine internal actions with transnational or international ones. The authors argue that transitional justice efforts must also consider the challenges to legitimacy and local ownership emerging after external military intervention or occupation.
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(228mm x 152mm x 20mm)
Cambridge University Press
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Author Biography - Naomi Roht-Arriaza
Naomi Roht-Arriaza is Professor of Law at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law. She is the author of The Pinochet Effect: Transnational Justice in the Age of Human Rights (2005) and Impunity and Human Rights in International Law and Practice (1995). Javier Mariezcurrena is a Legal Advisor to the Federal Secretary for Human Rights in Argentina and former Transitional Justice Project Manager at the Center for Civil and Human Rights, University of Notre Dame. He is the co-editor of Inter-American System of Human Rights and Freedom of Expression in Paraguay (2002), Truth and Justice, Homage to Emilio F. Mignone (2001) and Basic Studies on Human Rights, Vol. X (2000).