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This book presents a linear history of Jewish martyrdom, from the Hellenistic period to the high Middle Ages. Following the chronology of sources, the study challenges the general consensus that martyrdom was an original Hellenistic Jewish idea. Instead, Jews like Philo and Josephus internalised the idealised Roman concept of voluntary death and presented it as an old Jewish practice. The centrality of self-sacrifice in Christianity further stimulated the development of rabbinic martyrology and the talmudic guidelines for passive martyrdom. However, when forced to choose between death and conversion in medieval Christendom, European Jews went beyond these guidelines, sacrificing themselves and loved ones. Through death not only did they attempt to prove their religiosity, but also to disprove the religious legitimacy of their Christian persecutors. While martyrs and martyrologies intended to show how Judaism differed from Christianity, they, in fact, reveal a common mindset.

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Book Details

ISBN: 9780521842815
ISBN-10: 0521842816
Format: Hardback
(228mm x 152mm x 27mm)
Pages: 428
Imprint: Cambridge University Press
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publish Date: 19-Sep-2005
Country of Publication: United Kingdom

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Author Biography - Shmuel Shepkaru

Shmuel Shepkaru is an Assistant Professor of Jewish Studies at Oklahoma University.

Books By Author Shmuel Shepkaru