Description - Reservation and Affirmative Action by Arvind Sharma
Reservation and Affirmative Action argues that though the governments of India and the USA have for over fifty years implemented measures to overcome discrimination based on caste and class, there is no comprehensive account of the grounds on which these have been intellectually justified. Arvind Sharma analyses the various arguments which have been presented to justify reservations in India and affirmative action in the USA. Sharma asks: 'What is being affirmed through affirmative action? He seeks the answer by addressing four questions in depth: What is the religious component to such an affirmation, if any? Is there a moral principle (or principles) underlying this affirmation? Are there ethical principles underlying this affirmation? Is the doctrine of human rights invoked in such affirmation? These four 'terms of discourse' constitute the framework within which arguments are presented and discussed to arrive at a theory of affirmative action. The author adeptly compares the debates across two non-homogenous, multi-ethnic societies in India and the USA.
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(215mm x 139mm x mm)
SAGE Publications Inc
Publisher: SAGE Publications Inc
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Book Reviews - Reservation and Affirmative Action by Arvind Sharma
Author Biography - Arvind Sharma
Arvind Sharma is the Birks Professor of Comparative Religion in the Faculty of Religious Studies at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. Formerly of the I.A.S., he also holds an M.A. in Economics from Syracuse University, a Masters in Theological Studies from the Harvard Divinity School and a Ph.D. in Sanskrit and Indian Studies from Harvard University. He is currently engaged in promoting the adoption of A Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the World's Religions.