Description - Wayfinding Behavior by Reginald G. Golledge
The metaphor of a "cognitive map" has attracted wide interest since it was first proposed in the late 1940s. Researchers from fields as diverse as psychology, geography and urban planning have explored how humans process and use spatial information, often with the view of explaining why people make wayfinding errors or what makes one person a better navigator than another. Cognitive psychologists have broken navigation down into its component steps and as an interplay of neurocognitive functions, such as "spatial updating" and "reference frames" or "perception-action couplings". But there has also been an intense debate among biologists over whether animals have cognitive maps or have other forms of internal spatial representations that allow them to behave as if they did. In this volume, Reginald Golledge brings together a group of scholars to offer a comprehensive survey of current research in these diverse fields. Among the common themes they discover is the psychologists' "black box" approach, in which the internal mechanisms of spatial perception and route planning are modelled or constructed, like metaphors, based on the behavioural evidence.
Cognitive neuroscientists, on the other hand, have attempted to discover the neurocognitive basis for spatial behaviour. They have shown, for example, that damage in the hippocampus system invariably impairs the ability of animals and humans to learn about, remember and navigate through environments, and studies in humans show that neurons in this system code for location, direction and distance thereby providing the elements needed for a mapping system. Artificial intelligence and robotics theorists attempt to construct intelligent mapping systems using computer technology. In these areas, there is growing evidence that, as in human wayfinding processes, useful representations cannot be achieved without sacrificing completeness and precision.
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(229mm x 152mm x 33mm)
Johns Hopkins University Press
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
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Book Reviews - Wayfinding Behavior by Reginald G. Golledge
Author Biography - Reginald G. Golledge
Reginald G. Golledge is a professor of geography at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His many books include Spatial Behavior: A Geographic Perspective and Spatial and Temporal Reasoning in Geographic Information Systems.