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During the 1990s, international democracy promotion efforts led to the establishment of numerous regimes that cannot easily be classified as either authoritarian or democratic. They display characteristics of each; in short, they are semi-authoritarian regimes. These regimes pose a considerable challenge to US policymakers because the superficial stability of many semi-authoritarian regimes usually masks severe problems that need to be solved lest they lead to a future crisis. Additionally, these regimes call into question some of the ideas about democratic transitions that underpin the democracy promotion strategies of the United States and other Western countries. Despite their growing importance, semi-authoritarian regimes have not received systematic attention. Marina Ottaway examines five countries (Egypt, Azerbaijan, Venezuela, Croatia, and Senegal) that highlight the distinctive features of semi-authoritarianism and the special challenge each poses to policymakers. She explains why the dominant approach to democracy promotion isn't effective in these countries and concludes by suggesting alternative policies.

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Book Details

ISBN: 9780870031960
ISBN-10: 0870031961
Format: Hardback
(229mm x 152mm x 21mm)
Pages: 256
Imprint: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Publisher: Brookings Institution
Publish Date: 30-Jan-2003
Country of Publication: United States

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Author Biography - Marina Ottaway

Marina Ottaway is a senior associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law program and director of the Carnegie Middle East program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Books By Author Marina Ottaway

Getting to Pluralism by Marina Ottaway

Getting to Pluralism

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Beyond the Facade by Marina Ottaway

Beyond the Facade

Hardback, January 2008
Uncharted Journey by Marina Ottaway

Uncharted Journey

Hardback, January 2005