Most research on cognitive processes and drug abuse has focused on theories and methods of explicit cognition, asking people directly to introspect about the causes of their behavior. However, it may be questioned to what extent such methods reflect fundamental aspects of human cognition and motivation. Therefore, basic cognition researchers have started to assess implicit cognitions, defined as "introspectively unidentified (or inaccurately identified) traces of past experience that mediate feeling, thought, or action." Such approaches are less sensitive to self-justification and social desirability and offer other advantages over traditional approaches underscored by explicit cognition. This handbook is the first to bring together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research, thus providing an opportunity to move the field forward by integrating research from previously independent fields that are relevant for a better understanding of the etiology, prevention, and treatment of addictive behaviors.
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(254mm x 177mm x 35mm)
SAGE Publications Inc
Publisher: SAGE Publications Inc
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Author Biography - Reinout W. H. J. Wiers
Reinout W. Wiers is Research Associate Professor at Maastricht University, The Netherlands. He received his Masters in Psychonomics (experimental psychology and psychophysiology) at the University of Amsterdam (1992, with honors) and his PhD (1998, with honors) at the University of Amsterdam on cognitive and neuropsychological indicators of enhanced risk for alcoholism. He has published many articles in international journals on addiction research and in cognitive science. Dr. Wiers and colleagues were the first to apply the implicit assocation test to alcohol abuse and are currently focusing on theory, assessment and practical applications of implicit drug-related cognitions, with a grant from the Dutch National Science Foundation (N.W.O. Vidi-grant). He is collaborating with Alan W. Stacy of the University of Southern California in an international project (N.W.O.-Addiction and N.I.D.A.) on implicit cognition and prevention in high-risk youth. Alan W. Stacy is Director of the University of Southern California (USC) Transdisciplinary Drug Abuse Prevention Research Center, funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. He is also Associate Professor at the USC Department of Preventive Medicine. He received his Ph.D. in social and personality psychology in 1986 from the University of California, Riverside. He did postdoctoral work at the University of Washington and at USC. Dr. Stacy has published over 80 peer-reviewed articles on addiction, focusing on cognitive models of drug use. He was one of the first investigators to apply implicit cognition approaches to the addiciton area. His research on implicit cognition was recently acknowledged in the Tenth Special Report to Congress on Alcohol and Health.