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Description - Sacred Trust by Michael D. Callahan

This book completes a two-volume history of the impact of the mandates system on Anglo-French colonialism in Africa from 1914 to 1946. This second volume explains how the League of Nations mandates system fused two of the predominant and compelling global forces of the twentieth century: imperialism and Wilsonian internationalism. After the First World War, Britain and France administered most of Germany's former tropical African colonies as 'mandates' under the supervision of the League as 'a sacred trust of civilisation. This system of international trusteeship changed British and French rule in Africa. In short, 'mandates' were not 'colonies'. Mandates meant less militarism, more commercial equality, a greater emphasis on the interests of Africans, and an end to the extension of European national sovereignty over colonized peoples. Accountability to the League also required the British and French to reconsider traditional economic, strategic, and ideological assumptions about their empires. In the process, the "sacred trust" sowed the seeds of self-doubt about the very purpose and future of European imperialism. The mandates system continued to represent a genuine internationalisation and reformation of colonialism and had long-term economic, political, and cultural consequences for Africans and Europeans within the mandated territories. Despite the Depression, repeated Anglo-French foreign policy failures, growing humiliations for Geneva, and war in Africa and Europe, the principles and practices of international trusteeship proved persistent. Mandates demonstrated the relevance of international law, the importance of the League of Nations, and the impact of Wilsonian principles on international relations and European imperialism.

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Book Details

ISBN: 9781845190163
ISBN-10: 1845190165
Format: Hardback
(152mm x 229mm x mm)
Pages: 308
Imprint: Sussex Academic Press
Publisher: Sussex Academic Press
Publish Date: 29-Sep-2004
Country of Publication: United Kingdom

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Author Biography - Michael D. Callahan

Michael D Callahan is Associate Professor of History at Kettering University, Michigan

Books By Michael D. Callahan

Mandates and Empire by Michael D. Callahan
Paperback, April 2008