Steven Roger Fischer's fascinating book traces the complete story of reading from the time when symbol first became sign through to the electronic texts of the present day. Describing ancient forms of reading and the various modes that were necessary to read different writing systems and scripts, Fischer turns to Asia and the Americas and discusses the forms and developments of completely divergent dimensions of reading. With the Middle Ages in Europe and the Middle East, innovative re-inventions of reading emerged - silent and liturgical reading; the custom of lectors; reading's focus in general education - whereupon printing transformed society's entire attitude to reading. Fischer charts the explosion of the book trade in this era, its increased audience and radically changed subject-matter; describes the emergence of broadsheets, newspapers and public readings; and traces the effect of new font designs on general legibility.
Fischer discusses society's dedication to public literacy in the sweeping educational reforms of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and notes the appearance of free libraries, gender differences in reading matter, public advertising and the 'forbidden' lists of Church, State and the unemancipated. Finally, he assesses the future, in which it is likely that read communication will soon exceed oral communication through the use of the personal computer and the internet, and looks at 'visual language' and modern theories of how reading is processed in the human brain. Asking how the New Reader can reshape reading's future, he suggests a radical new definition of what reading could be.
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(228mm x 133mm x 33mm)
Publisher: Reaktion Books
Country of Publication:
UK Kirkus Review »
'A History of Reading' is a scholarly and comprehensive account of reading world-wide, past, present and future. From the earliest 'reading' of notches to the explosion of reading material available today, Stephen Fischer details how reading was once largely work-related or seen as a symbol of power and wealth and a male prerogative; the advent of printing made it eventually more widely accessible. The role of religion, the Roman Empire and the Greeks, early bookshops, reading circles in the Ancient World, circulating libraries and the invention of reading glasses, 'silent' reading, the growth of literacy, and much more, are chronicled here. For those who find 'happiness in a little corner with a little book' this is fascinating stuff (the great - uncatalogued - Library at Alexandria contained more books than one man could read; book-theft was once punishable by death) that confirms the power of reading to enthral and educate. (Kirkus UK)
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Author Biography - Steven Roger Fischer
Steven Roger Fischer is Director of the Institute of Polynesian Languages and Literatures in Auckland, New Zealand. A History of Reading is the final book in Fischer's trilogy which also includes A History of Language and A History of Writing, as well as Island at the End of the World: The Turbulent History of Easter Island, all available from Reaktion Books.