Daniel Carpenter is the Allie S. Freed Professor of Government and Director of the Center for American Political Studies in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Harvard University. His first book, The Forging of Bureaucratic Autonomy: Reputations, Networks and Policy Innovation in Executive Agencies, 1862-1928, was awarded the APSA's Gladys Kammerer Prize, as well as the Charles Levine Prize of the International Political Science Association. His second book, Reputation and Power: Organizational Image and Pharmaceutical Regulation at the FDA, received the 2011 Allan Sharlin Memorial Award from the Social Science History Association. Professor Carpenter has held fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, the Brookings Institution and the Santa Fe Institute. He has received grants from the National Science Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Scholars in Health Policy 1998-2000, Investigator Award in Health Policy Research 2004-7), the Alfred Sloan Foundation, the Russell Sage Foundation and the Safra Center for Ethics. David Moss is the John G. McLean Professor at Harvard Business School and the President of the Tobin Project, the nonprofit research organization which sponsored this volume. He has published numerous books and articles on economic policy and policy history, including When All Else Fails: Government as the Ultimate Risk Manager, which won the American Risk and Insurance Association's Annual Kulp-Wright Book Award for the 'most influential text published on the economics of risk management and insurance'. Other books include Socializing Security: Progressive-Era Economists and the Origins of American Social Policy, A Concise Guide to Macroeconomics, and Government and Markets: Toward a New Theory of Regulation (Cambridge University Press, 2010, co-edited with Edward Balleisen). Professor Moss is the recipient of numerous honors and awards, including the Robert F. Greenhill Award, the Editors' Prize from the American Bankruptcy Law Journal, and the Student Association Faculty Award for outstanding teaching at Harvard Business School.