Description - Quadratic Irrationals by Franz Halter-Koch
Quadratic Irrationals: An Introduction to Classical Number Theory gives a unified treatment of the classical theory of quadratic irrationals. Presenting the material in a modern and elementary algebraic setting, the author focuses on equivalence, continued fractions, quadratic characters, quadratic orders, binary quadratic forms, and class groups. The book highlights the connection between Gauss's theory of binary forms and the arithmetic of quadratic orders. It collects essential results of the theory that have previously been difficult to access and scattered in the literature, including binary quadratic Diophantine equations and explicit continued fractions, biquadratic class group characters, the divisibility of class numbers by 16, F. Mertens' proof of Gauss's duplication theorem, and a theory of binary quadratic forms that departs from the restriction to fundamental discriminants. The book also proves Dirichlet's theorem on primes in arithmetic progressions, covers Dirichlet's class number formula, and shows that every primitive binary quadratic form represents infinitely many primes. The necessary fundamentals on algebra and elementary number theory are given in an appendix.
Research on number theory has produced a wealth of interesting and beautiful results yet topics are strewn throughout the literature, the notation is far from being standardized, and a unifying approach to the different aspects is lacking. Covering both classical and recent results, this book unifies the theory of continued fractions, quadratic orders, binary quadratic forms, and class groups based on the concept of a quadratic irrational.
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(254mm x 178mm x mm)
CRC Press Inc
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
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Author Biography - Franz Halter-Koch
Franz Halter-Koch retired as a professor of mathematics from the University of Graz in 2004. A member of the Austrian Academy of Science, Dr. Halter-Koch is the author/coauthor of roughly 150 scientific articles, author of Ideal Systems: An Introduction to Multiplicative Ideal Theory, and coauthor of Non-Unique Factorizations: Algebraic, Combinatorial and Analytic Theory. His research focuses on elementary and algebraic number theory, non-unique factorizations, and abstract multiplicative ideal theory.