The liability crisis is both familiar and puzzling: million-dollar awards for apparently frivolous claims, inadequate settlements for thousands of people with severe injuries, skyrocketing insurance premiums, an overburdened judicial system. The adverse effects of this crisis on product innovation may be particularly detrimental to the extent that they deprive consumers of newer and safer goods. W. Kip Viscusi offers an analysis of the crisis. He employs original empirical data to diagnose the causes and to assess the merits of alternative reform policies. Drawing on both liability insurance trends and litigation patterns, Viscusi shows that the products liability crisis is not simply a phenomenon of the 1980s but has been developing for several decades. He argues that the principal causes have been the expansion of the doctrine of design defect, the emergence of mass toxic torts, and the increase in lawsuits involving hazard warnings. This explanation differs from those of many scholars, who blame the doctrine of strict liability. Viscusi reformulates the concept of design defect, grounding it in economic analysis.
He also evaluates public policy regarding hazard warnings and proposes a new national approach. More generally, the author sketches a comprehensive social risk policy, in which tort liability interacts with government health and safety regulation to foster a coherent set of institutional responses to health and safety risks. "Reforming Products Liability" should be of special interest to lawyers, judges, policymakers, economists and all those interested in legal policy and health and safety issues.
Buy Reforming Products Liability book by W. Kip Viscusi from Australia's Online Independent Bookstore, Boomerang Books.
(235mm x 155mm x 25mm)
Harvard University Press
Publisher: Harvard University Press
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Author Biography - W. Kip Viscusi
W. Kip Viscusi is George G. Allen Professor of Economics at Duke University and Associate Reporter on the American Law Institute tort liability reform project